Health Literacy Thesaurus: Medical terms, phrases, references,
and their Plain English equivalents or definitions

R (RA - rupture)

Step 1: Click "Next" to show the term, phrase, or reference. Step 2: Click "Next" again
to show the Plain English equivalent or definition; Repeat Steps 1 and 2. (Best viewed on Firefox or Chrome)
RArheumatoid arthritis, disease of joints
radiation(see ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation)
radioisotopemedicine, special medicine, drug or radioactive tracer
radiologista doctor who studies x-rays and other images, x-ray specialist
radiologistx-ray doctor, a doctor who studies x-ray and other images
radiologyx-ray department
radionuclidemedicine, special medicine or drug
rampantunchecked, raging, uncontrolled
rapid diagnostic testfast result test to see if someone is sick
rationalereason, thinking, intent, purpose
Raynaud’s syndromecirculatory disease
reactiona response
reassortmentchange, new type of virus
receiveget, admit, welcome
recipientperson who gets something
recognizeaccept, know, see, find
recombinantnew gene combination
recoverget better, feel better, heal
recrudescencewhen someone who seemed better gets sick again, relapse
recuperateget better, feel better, get well, recover
recurcome back, get again, happen again
reducelower, cut, trim, dilute
redundantextra, not needed, excess, surplus, spare
regardingabout
regimendiet, plan, program
registersign up, sign in
regularusual, normal, everyday, common
regulatecontrol, restrict, watch over, govern
regulationrule, law
rehabilitateget better, restore
reimbursepay back, refund
reinforcemake stronger, brace, support
reiteraterepeat, say again
relieffeel better, ease, not as bad, ease or lessening from pain or discomfort
relieveease, make better, soothe, rest
remissionperiod of time when a disease is not active
renalrelated to the kidney
requestask for, beg
requireneed, ask for
requirementsneeds, regulations
rescindcancel, take away
resemblelook like, take after, match
residebe in, live in
residencehome, apartment, house
Residual Seizure Disorderseizures, sudden attack, brain problem
respirationbreathing
respiratory therapistbreathing therapist
respiterest, relief
respondanswer
restrainhold back, stop
retainkeep
retrieveget, bring back, get back
revealshow, tell
reviewgo over, check
Reye’s Syndromebrain disease in children
rheumatoid arthritisdisease of joints, joint swelling
rheumatologistjoint, bone, and immune system doctor
rheumatologystudy of the immune system, joints, and bones
risk reductionreducing the chance of something (usually negative) happening
riskchance
Rotavirusgerm causing stomach flu
RubellaGerman measles
Rubeolameasles
rupturebreak, burst, break open

Source: CDC Plain Language Thesaurus for Health Communications. Other related materials: Vaccines & Immunizations Glossary; Harvard School of Public Health "Plain Language Glossaries" for asthma, arthritis, and lupus; Medical Library Association "Deciphering Medspeak" for diabetes, stroke, and HIV-AIDS


Exercises created by Atty. Gerry T. Galacio; all rights reserved. You can freely use these exercises, but you must not upload them to any website or the cloud. For comments, questions, corrections, or suggestions, email gtgalacio@yahoo.com

 

Exercises created with freeware Hot Potatoes v. 6.3 from the University of Victoria in British Columbia, Canada.

 

Family Matters (complete text of the Family Code of the Philippines; frequently asked questions; relevant laws like RA 9262; legal procedures and Rules of Court)

 

Legal Updates (in-depth discussions of issues affecting the Filipino family, legal procedures, support, inheritance, etc.): Plain Language / Plain English for government offices, private companies, schools, and organizations; Clear, concise English for effective legal writing; Legal procedures in civil and criminal cases; Heirs and inheritances

Better English resources and exercises (free resources on grammar, pronunciation, spelling, writing, vocabulary, idioms, reading comprehension, public speaking, etc.)

 

Be a better writer or editor through StyleWriter 4: this software checks 10,000 words in 12 seconds for hundreds of style and English usage issues like wordy and complex sentences, passive voice, nominalization, jargon, clichés, readability, spelling, etc. StyleWriter 4 has a graded 200,000 word and phrase dictionary, covering most of the words you will ever use in writing.

 

StyleWriter 4 is widely used in the US federal government (for example, Environmental Protection Agency). It is used in banks, law offices, and by professionals from various fields. It is fully customizable and comes with three versions: USA, UK, and Australian. StyleWriter 4 can edit memos, articles, essays, business letters, speeches, thesis, dissertations, books (fiction or non-fiction), and all kinds of corporate communications.